Cherokee Brigadier General Stand Watie
General Stand Watie was the highest
ranking Native American serving on either side of the War Between the
Watie was born at Oothcaloga in the Cherokee
Nation of Georgia, near Rome, Georgia, on December 12, 1806. His Cherokee
name was De-ga-ta-ga, which means, "He Stands."
Stand Watie joined the Confederate cause at the
outbreak of the War Between the States. He was commissioned a colonel on
July 12, 1861, and raised a regiment of Cherokees for service to the
General Stand Watie, or his troops in command,
participated in eighteen battles and skirmishes against Union troops
during the war that included, Cowskin Prairie, Old Fort Wayne, Webber's
Falls, Fort Gibson and Cabin Creek.
Two of Stand Watie's victories were the capture
of the Union steam boat J.R. Williams on June 15, 1864 and the seisure of
over a million worth of supplies of a Union wagon train at the 2nd Battle
of Cabin Creek on Sept. 19, 1864.
General Watie was the last general to stop
fighting on June 23, 1865. It is written that he did not actually
surrender his troops but just stopped the fighting.